Together with his wife, Anugrah Akib, Pak Waris cultivates black tiger shrimp on his farm in Pinrang, Indonesia. In addition to running their shrimp farm, both Waris and his wife, Anugrah, hold full-time positions; Waris works for a public health facility, while Anugrah works as an elementary school teacher. They practice polyculture farming with both shrimp and snapper. While some may view this as risky due to the potential for snapper to consume the shrimp, it can be successfully achieved.
The Changing Perceptions of Women in Farming
In the past, it was socially unacceptable for a husband to allow his wife to work on a farm, but recent attitudes have evolved to allow women to participate. Women can now assist with chores such as sorting and selling products, although labor-intensive duties are still primarily reserved for men. In some cases, it is also socially acceptable for women to work alone on a farm. Although significant progress has been made, there is still much to be accomplished in promoting gender equity.
Individuals like Pak Waris and Ibu Anugrah are actively contributing to this effort by joining local groups that promote sustainable shrimp farming in their community. These groups work to encourage more women to participate in aquaculture, and are advocating for initiatives that support women’s involvement in the industry.
For Pak Waris and Ibu Anugrah, shrimp farming is not only a business but a way to provide for their family and carry on their family's legacy. They hope that through their continued work, they can inspire the next generation of shrimp farmers to follow in their footsteps and continue to cultivate safe, healthy, and sustainable seafood.